INDUSTRIAL COMMODITIES

Following a challenging year for the global iron ore industry throughout the past year, GlobalData is now projecting production of the mineral to increase by 111.3 Mt to just over 2.3 Bt in 2021.

Building on the company’s global reach, Zastars strives to become a leading trader in bulk materials through purchases and marketing arrangements.

COPPER

The copper industry is a major contributor to the global economy. Copper is more than just a mined metal; it provides jobs and promotes of a higher standard of living. One tonne of copper brings functionality in 40 cars, powers 60,000 mobile phones, enables operations in 400 computers, and distributes electricity to 30 homes.

IRON ORE

The ores are usually rich in iron oxides and vary in color from dark grey, bright yellow, or deep purple to rusty red. The iron is usually found in the form of magnetite (Fe 3O 4, 72.4% Fe), hematite (Fe 2O 3, 69.9% Fe), goethite (FeO(OH), 62.9% Fe), limonite (FeO(OH)·n(H2O), 55% Fe) or siderite (FeCO3, 48.2% Fe). 

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SCRAP METAL

According to the foreign trade policy and business standards, any type of metal scrap is allowed as long as it does not contain any hazardous material, radioactive waste, toxic waste, any kind of arms, ammunition, shells, mines, cartridges (used or live) or any other explosives.

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PRECIOUS METALS

There are generally taken to be four main precious metals to trade: gold, silver, platinum and palladium.

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BASIC CHECKLIST FOR NEW INVESTORS

Dealer

  • Does the dealer have a good reputation?

BRAND

  • Is the bar manufactured by an accredited refiner?
  • Is the bar well known in your country?

PRICING

  • What is the current gold price?
  • What is the quoted price to buy the bar?
  • Calculate the % premium (mark-up) of the bar above the current value of its fine gold content.
  • What is the quoted price if you were to sell back the bar?
  • Calculate the “spread” – the difference between the purchase and sell-back price of the bar.

STORAGE-IF APPLICABLE

  • Does the dealer have a good reputation?

DELIVERY - IF APPLICABLE

  • What is the delivery and insurance cost?

OTHER COST

  • Are there any other transaction-related costs? For example, taxes.

Building on the company’s global reach, Zastars strives to become a leading trader in bulk materials through purchases and marketing arrangements.

ACCREDITATION

  • There are over 60 gold refiners around the world that are accredited to the London Bullion Market Association (LBMA).

  • In addition, there are approximately 50 other gold refiners that are accredited to national associations and exchanges.

CERTIFICATION MARKS

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Argor-Heraeus

Switzerland

Metalor

Switzerland

PAMP Switzerland

Valcambi Switzerland

ACCREDITED REFINERS

OFFICIAL STAMPS

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Heraeus

Germany

Johnson Matthey

USA

Tanaka

Japan

South Africa

The Perth Mint

Australia

TROY OUNCE AND GRAM CONVERSION

1 oz = 31.1034768 g 1000 g = 32.1507465 oz

Source: London Bullion Market Association (LBMA)